Pompeii and Vesuvius eruption in the year 79 B.C. A moment frozen in time
Pompeii is the most famous and visited archaeological site in the world. Pompeii, was the luxurious resort of wealthy Romans and now the most famous still-life of volcanic doom is just five miles southeast of Vesuvius. It was buried almost instantly in the eruption of A.D. 79.
Vesuvius is situated on the coast of the Bay of Naples about nine kilometers, six miles to the east of the city, a short distance inland from the shore. It forms a conspicuous feature in the beautiful landscape of the bay. The grandeur of the mountain side, landscape and city all in the foreground when viewed from the sea, leads one to the imagination of this historical happening. The mountain is notorious for its destruction of Pompeii and Herculaneum the illustrious Roman cities in AD 79. It has erupted many times since and is today regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world because of the population of over three million people who now reside close to it coupled with its tendency of explosive eruptions.
The original village of Pompeii was built on a volcanic ridge, produced by a prehistoric lava flow by the native Italian people the Oscan’s. Known for its magnificent villas, its beautiful gardens, Pompeii was a Vacation “hot spot” for some of the most powerful people in the world, such as court official’s Roman aristocracy, Emperors. The wealthy Pompeians and Romans citizens built luxurious houses with open courtyards that had many rooms. The atrium house was the most common style of house. The Interiors of these houses were beautifully and artfully decorated. Finely wrought statues of marble and bronze, mostly inspired by Greek mythology, common in all public spaces, and courtyards. The floors in many of the houses were paved with intricate mosaic patterns. Walls were adorned with painted landscapes, or architectural renderings, still lives, colorful frescos, or mythological images.
Pompeii was covered in ash and soot, killing approximately 3,000 people, the rest of the population of 20,000 people having already fled, and preserving the city in its state from that fateful day. Pompeii is an excavation site and outdoor museum of the ancient Roman settlement. It is considered to be one of the few sites where an ancient city has been preserved in detail - everything from jars, urns, art, tables, paintings, and people was frozen in time, yielding, together with neighboring Herculaneum which suffered the same fate, an unprecedented opportunity to see how the people lived two thousand years ago.
It is said that the ash covered and froze everything instantly in time, the combination of rain and volcanic dust produced a light weight form of cement that so quickly entombed, objects, animals and human life. This cement left hollows that allowed archeologist the capability of pouring plaster into the hollows and recreating the entire images of the animal, human or life form as it was when the volcano erupted and froze this city in time. This is what makes Pompeii so special. It was captured and frozen. A must see is the Garden of Fugitives, this is located at the south east side where the plaster casts of several victims, sadly children as well are on display where they originally fell. The plants in this garden have been reconstructed to match ancient growth, according to the plaster casts of the root systems that were found in the dig still intact.
Important sites to see and discover:
The Great Palaestra (Gymnasium)
House of the Vettii.
House of the Faun
Temple of Apollo
Via dei Sepolcri (street of tombs)
House of the Ancient Hunt.
House of the Tragic Poet
Also other areas to see and discover,
Bars and Bakeries
Villa of mystery’s