Pizza's origin as it began, street food
The word "pizza" itself is probably related to pitta (bread) The word "pizza” appears just before 1000 AD, in the area between Naples and Rome, meaning "pie." Originally a food for the poor in the eighteenth- Century Naples, unlike the wealthy minority, these Neapolitans, required inexpensive food that could be consumed quickly. Pizza- Flatbreads with various toppings. These breads or pizzas eaten for any meal and sold by street vendors or informal restaurants, met the needs of the poor. Judgmental Italian authors often called their eating habits” disgusting”. These early pizzas consumed by Naples poor inhabitants featured tasty garnishes beloved today such as tomatoes, cheese, olive oil, anchovies, garlic and onion. It wasn't originally a new way of eating; the bread was a sort of place mat, to help keep the table clean during meals. Only the rich could afford plates, so a flat piece of hard barley bread on the table was used to hold the meal, mostly meat and drippings. Bread was specially baked for that purpose. After the meal, sometimes the bread was consumed, and sometimes given to the dogs.
Although this bread was basically flat bread treated as a food in and on itself. The idea of bread as a carrier or holder of other food pretty much started in the Middle Ages, what we today might call an open faced sandwich. It was eaten by many people in the Mediterranean including the Greeks and Egyptians. However, modern pizza has been attributed to baker Raffaele Esposito of Naples. In the 1889, Esposito was the owner of a restaurant called the Pizzeria de Pietro. He baked what he called the Pizza, especially for the visit of Italian King Umberto I and Queen Margherita. There are a many types of pizza, of course. Even in Naples, there is no consensus on what exactly constitutes a Neapolitan pizza. The most basic pizza is marinara flat bread with oil, tomato, garlic, and oregano. It was stored on voyages so that sailors (marinai) could make pizza away from home. The pizza Margherita is just over a century old, named after the first queen of the united Italy, using toppings of tomato, mozzarella cheese, and fresh basil--the red, white, and green of the Italian flag. The pizza is a source of national and regional pride as well as cultural identity in Italy. Italian immigrants brought pizza to the United States, in the early 1900s. However, it was the 1950s after the World War II, when pizza caught on outside the Italian-American community, and quickly spread throughout the U.S. and became an international food, now found in every country. Pizza’s popularity in the United States boomed. An ocean away, though immigrants to the United States from Naples were replicating their trusty, crusty pizzas in New York and other American cities, including Trenton, New Haven, Boston, St Louis, Chicago. The Neapolitans were coming for factory jobs, as did millions of Europeans in the late 19th and 20th centuries. They were not seeking to make a culinary statement, but relatively fast the flavors of pizza and the aromas of pizza, began to intrigue the non Neapolitans and the non Italians. This pizza followed the Italian immigrants to America, where it has become the nation’s most popular dish and fueled the development and success of the fast food, and some giant corporations such as Domino’s and Pizza Hut. Now pizza has been adapted to many local and international menus and still remains one of the best of the best of street foods.